مقایسه اثربخشی درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد و شناخت درمانی بک بر روان نژندی و درونگرایی دانشجویان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری تخصصی مشاوره، گروه مشاوره، واحد علوم تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران؛

2 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران؛ vfarzad @yahoo.com

3 استاد گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

4 استادیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه خاتم، تهران، ایران؛

چکیده

مقدمه: هدف این پژوهش، مقایسه اثربخشی دو روش درمان تعهد و پذیرش و شناخت درمانی بک برروان رنجوری و درون گرایی دانشجویان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اسلامشهر بود.
روش پژوهش: پژوهش حاضر، از نوع پژوهش‌های شبه آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون و پیگیری با گروه کنترل و با استفاده از انتخاب آزمودنی‌ها در گروه‌های آزمایش و کنترل بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش دانشجویانی هستند که در بازه زمانی فروردین ماه 1393 تا شهریور 1398 به مرکز مشاوره و خدمات بهداشت روانی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اسلامشهر مراجعه نمودند. حجم نمونه به تعداد ۴۵ نفر دانشجو بود که به روش نمونه گیری هدفمند ازجامعه آماری انتخاب و به صورت تصادفی به سه گروه آزمایش درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد (۱۵نفر)، آزمایش شناخت درمانی (۱۵ نفر) و کنترل (۱۵ نفر) گمارده شدند. هر دوگروه آزمایشی به مدت ۱۰ جلسه۹۰ دقیقه ای در معرض آموزش قرار گرفتند و برای گروه کنترل (گروه سوم) هیچ گونه مداخله ای انجام نگرفت. محتوای مداخلات در گروه های آزمایشی   ACTوCT در۱۰جلسه براساس بسته آموزشی ارایه شده است. ابزار پژوهش شامل پرسشنامه شخصیتی چند وجهی مینه‌سوتا ۲- فرم باز سازی شده بود. در این پژوهش از مدل آماری اندازه گیری مکرر ترکیبی استفاده شده است.
یافته ها: نتایج نشان داد «درمان گروهی مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد» بیشتر از «شناخت درمانی بک» بر متغیرهای، «روان نژندی» و «درونگرایی» موثر می باشد (001/0)؛
نتیجه گیری: با توجه به یافته ها نتیجه گرفته می شود که درمان گروهی مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد می تواند بر بهبود روان نژندی و درون گرایی دانشجویان مؤثر واقع شود

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of the effectiveness of Beck acceptance and commitment therapy and cognitive therapy on students' neuroticism and introversion

نویسندگان [English]

  • Muhammad reza feizi lafmajani 1
  • Valiyollah Farzad 2
  • Ali Delavar 3
  • Anahita khodabakhshi 4
1 PhD Student in Counseling, Department of Counseling, Research Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran;
2 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Khatam University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of commitment and acceptance treatment and Beck's cognitive therapy on the suffering and introversion of students of Islamic Azad University, Islamshahr Branch.
Methods: The present study was a quasi-experimental study with pre-test and post-test design and follow-up with the control group and using the selection of subjects in the experimental and control groups. The statistical population of this study is students who referred to the Mental Health Counseling and Services Center of Islamic Azad University, Islamshahr Branch from April 2014 to September 2019. The sample size was 45 students who were selected by purposive sampling from the statistical population and were randomly assigned to three groups of acceptance and commitment therapy experiments (n = 15), cognitive therapy (n = 15) and control (n = 15). Both experimental groups were trained for 10 sessions of 90 minutes and no intervention was performed for the control group (third group). The content of the interventions in the ACT and CT experimental groups was presented in 10 sessions based on the training package. The content of the interventions in the ACT and CT experimental groups was presented in 10 sessions based on the training package. The research instrument included a Minnesota Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire 2- Reconstructed Form. In this research, the statistical model of repeated measures measurement has been used.
Results: The results showed that "group therapy based on acceptance and commitment" is more effective on variables, "neuroticism" and "introversion" than "Beck cognitive therapy''. (0.001);
Conclusion: Based on the findings, it is concluded that group therapy based on acceptance and commitment can be effective in improving students' neuroticism and introversion.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Beck cognitive therapy" Commitment and acceptance" introversion" neuroticism" students
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دوره 11، شماره 4 - شماره پیاپی 31
مقالات
اسفند 1400
صفحه 57-73
  • تاریخ دریافت: 29 خرداد 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 23 تیر 1400
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 23 مرداد 1400
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 اسفند 1400