تدوین مدل ساختاری برای پیش‌بینی استرس ناباروری بر اساس تنظیم شناختی هیجان، ذهن-آگاهی، نیازهای بنیادی روان‌شناختی با میانجی‌گری سرسختی روان‌شناختی در زنان و مردان نابارور

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکترای روانشناسی، گروه روانشناسی عمومی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد رودهن، تهران، ایران. Golchin.neda@gmail.com

2 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی عمومی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد رودهن، تهران، ایران. (نویسنده مسئول) malekfd@yahoo.com

3 استاد گروه روانشناسی عمومی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد رودهن، تهران، ایران. hpssr@yahoo.com

چکیده

مقدمه: این پژوهش به منظور بررسی الگوهای ساختاری بر اساس تنظیم شناختی هیجان، ذهن­آگاهی، نیازهای بنیادی روان­شناختی با  نقش سرسختی روان­شناختی به عنوان میانجی با استرس ناباروری در زنان و مردان نابارور انجام گرفت.
روش: روش پژوهش حاضر، توصیفی- همبستگی از نوع مدل­یابی معادلات ساختاری است. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه زنان و مردان نابارور شهر تهران می­باشد. بدین منظور 200 زن و 200 مرد با تشخیص ناباروری اولیه و ثانویه مراجعه کننده به مراکز ناباروری شهر تهران در سال 98 به صورت نمونه­گیری تصادفی چند مرحله­ای انتخاب شدند. برای جمع­آوری داده­ها از مقیاس افسردگی، اضطراب، استرس، پرسشنامه­های تنظیم شناختی هیجان، پنج عاملی ذهن­آگاهی، ارضای نیازهای بنیادی روان­شناختی و سرسختی روان­شناختی استفاده شد. سپس، داده­ها با استفاده از نرم­افزارهایSPSS  و Amoss و با روش تحلیل عاملی تأییدی و مدل معادلات ساختاری تجزیه و تحلیل شدند.
یافته­ ها: نتایج نشان داد که همه متغیرها ضریب مستقیم معناداری با متغیر وابسته اصلی دارند، اما با توجه به معنادار بودن ضرایب غیرمستقیم و مستقیم در مدل زنان می­توان گفت که سرسختی به صورت جزیی رابطه بین این متغیرها را میانجی­گری می­کند. اما در مدل مردان نقش میانجی سرسختی به دلیل عدم معنادار بودن ضرایب غیرمستقیم تایید نشد.
نتیجه ­گیری: براساس نتایج حاصل از این پژوهش، در رابطه با تأثیر غیرمستقیم سرسختی بر استرس ناباروری می­توان چنین گفت که تمام افراد در مواجهه با شرایط استرس­زا واکنش­های درستی انجام نمی­دهند، بر اساس نتایج این پژوهش افراد سخت­رو در مواجهه با موقعیتهای مختلف اجتماعی، احساس توانایی و تعهد بیشتری می­کنند. آنها مطمئن هستند که با اتخاذ روش­های مناسب و بهره­گیری از روابط و حمایت­های اجتماعی، قادر به مبارزه و رفع موانع مختلف زندگی می­باشند، بنابراین، پیشنهاد می­شود تیم­های بهداشت و سلامت با آگاهی از این مسائل در درمان و بهبود استرس افراد نابارور تدابیر بهتری را بیاندیشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Structural Equation Modeling of Infertility Stress Based on Cognitive Emotion Regulation, Mindfulness, Basic Psychological Needs mediated by Psychological Hardiness in infertile women and men

نویسندگان [English]

  • Neda Golchin 1
  • Malek Mirhashemi 2
  • Hasan PashaSharifi 3
1 PhD, Department of General Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Social Science, Islamic Azad University Roudehen Branch, Roudehen, Iran
2 Corresponding author: Associate Professor, Department of General Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Social Science, Islamic Azad University Roudehen Branch, Roudehen, Iran,
3 Professor, Department of General Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Social Science, Islamic Azad University Roudehen Branch, Roudehen, Iran,
چکیده [English]

Introduction: This study was conducted to evaluate structural patterns based on cognitive regulation of emotion, mindfulness, and basic psychological needs with the role of psychological Hardiness as a mediator of infertility stress in infertile men and women.
 
Methods: The method of the present study is descriptive-correlational modeling of structural equations. The statistical population includes all infertile men and women in Tehran. For this purpose, 200 women and 200 men with primary and secondary infertility diagnosed referring to infertility centers in Tehran in 2018 were selected by multi-stage random sampling. To collect the data, the Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (DASS), Cognitive  Emotion Regulation questionnaire, Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), Basic Needs Satisfaction in General Scale (BNSG-S) and Psychological Hardiness were used. Then, the data were analyzed using SPSS and Amoss software and confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling.
 
Results: The results showed that all variables have a significant direct coefficient with the main dependent variable, but considering the significance of indirect and direct coefficients in the female model, it can be said that Hardiness mediates the relationship between these variables in detail. However, in the male model, the role of Hardiness mediation was not confirmed due to the lack of significant indirect coefficients.
 
Conclusions: According to the results of this study, according to the indirect effect of Hardiness on infertility stress, it can be said that not all people react properly to stressful conditions. Faced with different social situations, they feel more empowered and committed. They are confident that they will be able to fight and overcome various barriers to life by adopting the right methods and taking advantage of social relationships and support, so it is recommended that health teams be aware of these issues. Think of better measures to treat and improve the stress of these infertile people.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Infertility Stress" Cognitive Emotion Regulation"
  • Mindfulness" Basic Psychological Needs" Psychological Hardiness" infertile men and women
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دوره 11، شماره 4 - شماره پیاپی 31
مقالات
اسفند 1400
صفحه 40-56
  • تاریخ دریافت: 25 فروردین 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 17 خرداد 1400
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 11 مرداد 1400
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 اسفند 1400