طراحی و اعتباربخشی الگوی ارتقای سلامت روان دانش آموزان ابتدایی مبتنی بر مدل 4H

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه مدیریت آموزشی، واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه مدیریت آموزشی، واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران (نویسنده مسئول)

3 استادیار گروه مدیریت آموزشی، واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و هدف: هدف این پژوهش طراحی و اعتباربخشی الگوی ارتقای سلامت روان کودکان ابتدایی مبتنی بر مدل 4H (مدل آموزش مهارتهای زندگی سازمان بهداشت جهانی) با استفاده از پژوهش ترکیبی است. با مطالعه ادبیات پژوهش، ابعاد، مولفه ها و شاخص ها شناسایی شده و نتیجه در قالب الگوی اجرایی ارائه شده است. روش شناسی: جامعه آماری در بخش کمی معلمان ابتدایی شاغل به تدریس در شهرستان رفسنجان شامل 1457 نفر می باشند که با استفاده از فرمول کوکران تعداد نمونه حداقل 304 نفر برآورد شد و با استفاده از روش نمونه گیری تصادفی ساده انتخاب شدند. به منظور تبیین بهتر نتایج و آشکار شدن موارد مغفول در فاز کمّی، 13 مصاحبه عمیق در بخش کیفی با استفاده از روش نمونه گیری هدفمند و به صورت گلوله برفی انجام شد. ابزار جمع آوری داده ها در خصوص مولفه های آموزش مهارتهای زندگی، پرسشنامه محقق ساخته است که روایی آن به وسیله تحلیل عاملی تاییدی و همچنین روایی صوری و پایایی توسط محاسبه آلفای کرونباخ با مقدار830/0 سنجیده و الگوی اجرایی تحقیق با استفاده از داده های جمع آوری شده از طریق پرسشنامه و همچنین بهره گیری از فنون آمار توصیفی و استنباطی مورد تحلیل قرار گرفتند. یافته ها: الگوی پژوهش شامل 4 بعد و 15 مولفه مهارت زندگی ارائه گردید. نتیجه گیری: اولویت بندی مولفه های الگو به این شرح بود: اخلاق کاری، خودآگاهی، مدیریت، مهارت زندگی سالم، مهارت های قابل عرضه، هدف گذاری، تفکر خلاق، عزت نفس، توجه به دیگران، حل مساله، تفکر انتقادی، خودمسئولیتی، تصمیم گیری، ارتباطات و همکاری.

تازه های تحقیق

 ارائه الگویی اجرایی و بومی بر اساس ویژگی های فردی، فرهنگی و محلی 

به نظر میرسد مدل 4H برای آموزش مهارتهای زندگی با ویژگی های فراگیران مقطع ابتدایی سازگاری دارد و در عین حال، مطالعات زیادی روی این مسئله و با در نظر گرفتن کلیه عوامل تاثیرگذار بر آن در ایران انجام نشده است؛ 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing and validating a mental health promotion model for elementary students based on the 4H model

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Jabbari Zahirabadi 1
  • Mehdi Shariatmadari 2
  • yalda delgoshaei 2
  • kordestani fereshteh 3
1 PhD student in Educational Management, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Management, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran (Corresponding Author)
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Management, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction & Objective: The aim of this study was to provide a model for promoting mental health in primary children based on life skills training based on the 4H model using a combination study. By studying the research literature, dimensions, components and indicators have been identified and the result has been presented in the form of an executive model. Methodology: The statistical population in the quantitative section of elementary teachers working in Rafsanjan city includes 1457 people. Using Cochran's formula, the number of samples was estimated at least 304 people and were selected using simple random sampling method. In order to better explain the results and reveal the neglected cases in the quantitative phase, 13 in-depth interviews in the qualitative section were conducted using purposive sampling method in the form of snowballs. The data collection tool for the components of life skills training is a researcher-made questionnaire whose validity is measured by confirmatory factor analysis as well as face validity and reliability by Cronbach's alpha calculation with a value of 0.830 and the executive model of the research using aggregate data. Were collected through a questionnaire and also using descriptive and inferential statistical techniques. Results: The research model including 4 dimensions and 15 components of life skills were presented. Conclusion: Prioritizing the components of the model was as follows: work ethic, self-awareness, management, healthy living skills, available skills, goal setting, creative thinking, self-esteem, attention to others, problem solving, critical thinking, self-responsibility, Decision making, communication and collaboration.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Pattern
  • health promotion
  • education
  • life skills
  • elementary children
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  • تاریخ دریافت: 22 شهریور 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 21 آبان 1400
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 24 آبان 1400
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 13 بهمن 1400