عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is characterized by widespread deficits in social interactions as well as inflexible and repetitive behaviors and negatively affects the growth and function of individuals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of sensory integration training on the sensory status and sexual knowledge of high-functioning autistic children.
Methods: In this study, it was quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest design with a control group. The statistical population of this study included all children with high-performance autism in Karaj in 1399, which was selected from the statistical population of 30 students by purposive sampling as sample size and in two groups of experimental (15) and control (15) were appointed. The training program was performed for 12 sessions of 90 minutes for the experimental group, but the control group did not receive training. In order to collect research data, an educational program based on sensory integration, Gilliam Autism Rating Scale - Second Edition, Sensory Profile Test, and Heidarizadeh Child Abuse Self-Report Scale were used. Research data were analyzed using an analysis of covariance.
Results: The results of this analysis showed that education based on sensory integration had a significant effect on improving sensory status (P = 0.0001, F = 46.41) and sexual knowledge of children (P = 0.0001, F.69.67 F). =) Has high-functioning autism.
Conclusion: According to the results of this study, it can be said that education based on sensory integration is an effective approach in improving the sensory status and sexual knowledge of children with high-performance autism.
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