مقایسه اثربخشی آموزش پیش از ازدواج مبتنی بر برنامه آگاهی و انتخاب میان فردی (PICK) و برنامه پیشگیری و بهبود رابطه (PREP) بر نگرش به ازدواج در زوج‌های در آستانه ازدواج

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه مشاوره، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران. arezuazimi92@yahoo.com

2 دانشیار گروه مشاوره، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران(نویسنده مسئول). Drzahrakar@gmail.com،

3 استاد گروه مشاوره، مرکز تحقیقات علوم رفتاری، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بقیه الله (عج)، تهران، ایران. kh_ahmady@yahoo.com،

چکیده

مقدمه: یکی از متغیرهای که قبل از آغاز زندگی زناشویی مورد توجه بوده و با عملکردی بعدی زوج ها رابطه دارد، نگرش به ازدواج است. پژوهش حاضر با هدف مقایسه اثربخشی آموزش پیش از ازدواج مبتنی بر برنامه آگاهی و انتخاب میان فردی (PICK) و برنامه پیشگیری و بهبود رابطه (PREP) بر نگرش به ازدواج در زوج های در آستانه ازدواج انجام گرفت.
 روش پژوهش: روش پژوهش نیمه آزمایشی از نوع طرح پیش‌آزمون-پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل همراه با پیگیری دوماهه بود. جامعه آماریزوج­های در آستانه ازدواج مراجعه کننده به مراکز مشاوره خصوصی مناطق 1، 3 و 5 شهر تهران بود که تعداد 60 نفر (سه گروه 20 نفری) به روش در دسترس به عنوان نمونه پژوهش انتخاب شدند. ابتدا پیش ­آزمون مقیاس نگرش به ازدواج براتن و روزن (1998) اجرا شد سپس مداخله برنامه آگاهی و انتخاب میان فردی(PICK) و برنامه پیشگیری و بهبود رابطه (PREP) برای گروه­های آزمایش اعمال شد و در ادامه پس­آزمون و آزمون پیگیری اجرا شد. داده­ های جمع ­آوری شده با استفاده از آزمون واریانس با اندازه­گیری مکرر و آزمون تعقیبی بن­فرونی مورد تحلیل قرار گرفت. نرم­ افزار مورد استفاده SPSS نسخه 25 بود.
یافته ­ها: نتایج نشان داد هر دو برنامه PICK و برنامه PREP بر نگرش به ازدواج تاثیر معنادار و پایداری دارد(001/0=P). همچنین نتایج نشان داد که استفاده ازبرنامه PICK نسبت به برنامه PREP بر نگرش به ازدواج زوج های در آستانه ازدواج اثربخش­تر است (001/0=P).
نتیجه­ گیری: نتیجه پژوهش بیانگر این بود که برنامه PICK در مقایسه باPREP  به عنوان یک مداخله کارآمدتر و کوتاه­ مدت­ تر برای بهبود نگرش به ازدواج در اولویت قرار دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of the Effectiveness of Premarital Education based on Premarital Interpersonal Choices and Knowledge Program (PICK)and Prevention and Relationship Enhancement Program (PREP)on attitudes toward marriage in couples on the verge of marriage

نویسندگان [English]

  • Arezoo Azimikhoei 1
  • Kiyanoosh Zahrakar 2
  • KHodabakhsh Ahmadi 3
1 1- Ph.D. student, Department of Consulting, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. arezuazimi92@yahoo.com
2 2- Corresponding author; Associate Professor, Department of Counseling, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran. (Corresponding Author) Drzahrakar@gmail.com
3 Professor, Department of Counseling, Behavior Science Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. kh_ahmady@yahoo.com
چکیده [English]

Introduction: One of the variables that is considered before the beginning of married life and is related to the next performance of couples is the attitude towards marriage. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of premarital education based on premarital interpersonal choices and knowledge Program (PICK) and Prevention and Relationship Enhancement Program (PREP) on attitudes toward marriage in couples on the verge of marriage.
Method: The research method was quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design with a control group with a two-month follow-up. The statistical population of couples on the verge of marriage referred to private counseling centers in districts 1, 3 and 5 of Tehran that 60 people (three groups of 20) were selected by available methods as a research sample. First, Bratton and Rosen (1998) Attitude to Marriage Attitude Scale was tested, then the Interpersonal Choices and Knowledge Program (PICK) and the Prevention and Relationship Enhancement Program (PREP) were applied to the experimental groups. Follow-up test was performed. The collected data were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance and Bonferroni post hoc test. The software used was SPSS version 25.
Results: The results showed that both PICK and PREP programs have a significant and lasting effect on attitudes toward marriage (P = 0.001). The results also showed that the use of PICK program is more effective than PREP program on the attitude towards marriage of couples on the verge of marriage (P = 0.001).
Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that the PICK program is a priority over PREP as a more efficient and short-term intervention to improve the attitude towards marriage.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Attitude to Marriage" Interpersonal Choices and Knowledge Program" Prevention and Relationship Enhancement Program
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