مدل ساختاری اختلال شخصیت مرزی براساس تجربه‌های کودک‌آزاری، ذهنیت طرحواره‎ای و فرزندپروری ادراک شده مادر با میانجیگری دشواری تنظیم هیجان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 - روانشناسی، گروه روانشناسی عمومی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران. shirinkiaey@yahoo.com

2 ستادیار گروه روانشناسی عمومی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران. (نویسنده مسئول) fat.Golshani@iauctb.ac.ir

3 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی بالینی تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران. emamipursd@yahoo.com ,

4 ستادیار گروه روانشناسی عمومی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران. sarians72@gmail.com,

5 استادیار گروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران غرب، تهران، ایران. mmbadiei@gmail.com,

چکیده

مقدمه:  اختلال شخصیت مرزی، اختلال روان­شناختی پایداری است که چالش­های قابل­توجّهی در سازگاری روان‌شناختی افراد مبتلا به وجود می‌آورد. در نتیجه، شناسایی عوامل مؤثر می­تواند در تدوین برنامه­های پیشگیری مفید باشد. این رو، پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی نقش میانجی دشواری تنظیم هیجان در رابطه بین تجربه­ های کودک آزاری، ذهنیت طرحواره‎ای و شیوه ‎های فرزندپروری ادراک شده مادر با اختلال شخصیت مرزی انجام شده است.
روش: روش پژوهش حاضر، توصیفی – همبستگی از نوع مدل یابی معادلات ساختاری است. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش حاضر تمامی افراد با اختلال شخصیت مرزی مراجعه کننده به مراکز درمانی (کلینیک‌ها و بیمارستان‌های روانپزشکی) شهر تهران در سال 1398 بود که از این تعداد 250 نفر با روش نمونه­گیری هدفمند انتخاب شدند. برای جمع­آوری داده‌ها از پرسشنامه‌های شخصیت مرزی لیشنرینگ، تجربه‌های کودک آزاری محمدخانی، ذهنیت طرحواره ای لابستیل، فرزند پروری ادراک شده گرولینک و دشواری در تنظیم هیجان گراتز و رومر استفاده شد. سپس، داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزارهای SPSS-v.24و AMOS-v.24 و با روش تحلیل عاملی تأییدی و مدل معادلات ساختاری تجزیه و تحلیل شدند.
یافته­ ها: یافته­ها نشان داد ارتباط مستقیم و معناداری بین دشواری تنظیم هیجان، تجربه­های کودک آزاری، ذهنیت طرحواره‎ای و شیوه‎های فرزندپروری ادراک شده مادر با اختلال شخصیت مرزی وجود دارد (05/0<P). علاوه بر این، تجربه­ های کودک آزاری، ذهنیت طرحواره‎ای و شیوه‎های فرزندپروری ادراک شده مادر به صورت غیرمستقیم و با میانجی دشواری تنظیم هیجان با اختلال شخصیت مرزی ارتباط داشتند (05/0<P).
نتیجه­ گیری: پژوهش حاضر نقش دشواری تنظیم هیجان، تجربه های کودک آزاری، ذهنیت طرحواره‎ای و شیوه‎های فرزندپروری ادراک شده مادر را در تبیین اختلال شخصیت مرزی مورد تأیید قرار داد که مبانی نظری لازم برای تدوین برنامه­ های پیشگیرانه در اختیار متخصصان بالینی قرار می­دهد. مضامین نظری و کاربردی نتایج و مدل ارائه شده در پژوهش حاضر مورد بحث قرار گرفته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Structural model of borderline personality disorder based on child abuse experience, schema modes, and mother's perceived parenting styles with the mediating role of emotion regulation difficulty

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shirin Kiyaie 1
  • Fatemeh Golshani 2
  • Susan Emamipoor 3
  • Anita Baghdasarian 4
  • Mohammad mehdi Badie 5
1 - Ph.D. candidate. Department of General Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran. E-mail: shirinkiaey@yahoo.com;
2 Corresponding author, Department of General psychology, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran. E-mail: fat.Golshani@iauctb.ac.ir;
3 Department of clinical-Educational Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran. E-mail: emamipursd@yahoo.com;
4 Department of General Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran. E-mail: sarians72@gmail.com;
5 Department of clinical psychology, Islamic Azad University, West Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran. E-mail: mmbadiei@gmail.com;
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The borderline personality disorder is a stable psychological disorder that poses significant psychological adjustment challenges. As a result, identifying effective factors can be useful in developing prevention programs. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the mediating role of emotion regulation difficulty in the relationship between child abuse experience, schema modes, and mother's perceived parenting styles with borderline personality.
Methods: The method of the present study is descriptive-correlation based on structural equation modeling. The statistical population of the present study was all individuals with borderline personality disorder referred to treatment centers (clinics and psychiatric hospitals) in Tehran in 2019, of which 250 were selected by purposive sampling. For data collection, all participants completed the following instruments: the Leichsenring's Borderline Personality, the Mohammadkhani's child abuse, the Lobbestael's Schema Modes, the Grolnick's Perceived Parenting, and the Toronto Alexithymia scale, and the Gratz and Roemer Difficulties in Emotion Regulation.
Results: The results indicated that there is a direct and significant relationship between emotion regulation difficulty, child abuse experience, schema modes, and mother's perceived parenting styles with borderline personality (P>0.05). In addition, child abuse experience, Schema Modes, and mother's perceived parenting styles with borderline personality were indirectly associated with borderline personality with the mediating role of emotion regulation difficulty (P>0.05).
Conclusion: The present study confirmed the role of emotion regulation difficulty, child abuse experience, schema modes, and mother's perceived parenting styles in explaining borderline personality, which provides clinicians with the theoretical basis for developing preventive programs. Theoretical and practical implications of the presented results and model are also discussed.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Borderline Personality" Child Abuse Experience" Parenting Styles" Regulating Emotion Difficulty" Schema Modes
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