مقایسه اثربخشی درمان هیجان‌مدار و درمان شناختی-رفتاری بر تنظیمِ هیجان و بهزیستی روان‌شناختی زنانِ مطلقه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه مشاوره، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران

2 استاد، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

3 استاد، گروه مشاوره، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

4 دانشیار، گروه مشاوره، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: سازگاری پس از طلاق و سایر متغیرهای روان‌شناختی مؤثر بر سازگاری، سلامت روان‌شناختی و کیفیت زندگی این زنان، مانند تنظیم هیجان، بهزیستی روان‌شناختی و عزت نفس اهمیت دارد. هدف این پژوهش مقایسه اثربخشی درمان هیجان‌مدار و درمان شناختی-رفتاری بر تنظیمِ هیجان و بهزیستی روان‌شناختی زنانِ مطلقه بود.
روش پژوهش: تحقیق حاضر مطالعه‌ای نیمه‌آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون، پس‌آزمون و پیگیری دوماهه با گروه کنترل بود. جامعه پژوهش متشکل از زنان مطلقة تحت پوشش پایگاه‌های خدمات اجتماعی منطقه 2 شهر تهران در سال 1398 بود. نمونه این مطالعه 60 زن بودند که به شیوه نمونه‌گیری دردسترس از میان زنان مطلقة تحت پوشش پایگاه‌های خدمات اجتماعی منطقه 2 شهر تهران انتخاب و با گمارش تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایشی و یک گروه کنترل (هر گروه  20 نفر) قرار گرفتند. ابزار پژوهش پرسشنامه تنظیم شناختی هیجان و مقیاس بهزیستی روان‌شناختی بودند. برای گروه آزمایشی اول، درمان هیجان‌مدار و برای گروه آزمایشی دوم درمان شناختی-رفتاری در 9 جلسه  120 دقیقه‌ای برگزار گردید، اما گروه کنترل مداخله‌ای دریافت نکرد. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون‌های تحلیل واریانس با اندازه‌گیری مکرر و تعقیبی بانفرونی استفاده گردید.
یافته ­ها: هر دو درمان باعث بهبود تنظیمِ هیجان و بهزیستی روان‌شناختی زنانِ مطلقه در پایان مداخلات و دوره پیگیری شدند (01/0>p)، ولی درمان هیجان‌مدار در بهبود  تنظیمِ هیجان آنان نسبت به درمان شناختی-رفتاری اثربخش‌تر بود (01/0>p). بین این دو روش درمانی در افزایش بهزیستی روان‌شناختی زنانِ مطلقه تفاوتی مشاهده نشد (05/0<p).
نتیجه­ گیری: این دو درمان مداخلات مفیدی جهت بهبود تنظیمِ هیجان و بهزیستی روان‌شناختی زنانِ مطلقه می‌باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of the Effectiveness of Emotion-Focused Therapy and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy on Emotional Regulation and Psychological Well-Being of Divorced Women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Elham Zahrabnia 1
  • Bagher Sanaie 2
  • Alireza Kiyamanesh 3
  • Kiyanoosh Zahrakar 4
1 , Department of Consulting, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran. Zohrabnia.elham@gmail.com
2 Professor, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Counseling, drarkia@gmail.com Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
4 Associate Professor, Department of Educational Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran. Drzahrakar@gmail.com
چکیده [English]

Introduction:  The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of emotion-oriented therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy on emotion regulation and psychological well-being of divorced women.
Method: The present study was a quasi-experimental study with pre-test, post-test and two-month follow-up with a control group. The study population consisted of divorced women under the auspices of social service bases in District 2 of Tehran in 1398. The sample of this study was 60 women who were selected by available sampling method from absolute women covered by social service bases in District 2 of Tehran and randomly assigned to two experimental groups and one control group (20 people in each group). The research instruments were the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (Garnefsky and Craig, 2006) and the Psychological Well-Being Scale (Reef, 1980). For the first experimental group, emotional therapy (Mirzazadeh et al., 2012) and for the second experimental group, cognitive-behavioral therapy (Monaz et al., 2007) was held in 9 sessions of 120 minutes, but the control group did not receive any intervention. To analyze the data, repeated measures analysis of variance and Banferroni post hoc tests were used.
Resultss:  Both treatments improved emotion regulation and psychological well-being of divorced women at the end of the intervention and follow-up period (p <0.01), but emotion-oriented therapy was more effective in improving their emotion regulation than cognitive-behavioral therapy (0.01). 0> p). There was no difference between these two treatments in increasing the psychological well-being of divorced women (p <0.05).
Conclusions: These two therapies are useful interventions to improve emotion regulation and psychological well-being of divorced women.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cognitive
  • behavior therapy" divorced women" Emotion
  • focused therapy" emotional regulation" psychological well
  • being
  1. Akhundi-Darzi M., Ismaili M. Kazemian S.. Predicting positive psychological states in post-divorce adjustment of divorced women Women's Psychological Studies, 2017; 15 (2): 154-137.
  2. Haghighatian M., Hashemian S.A. Aghababaei A.. The typology of divorce and its social consequences (Case study: Divorced women under the auspices of the Imam Khomeini Relief Committee in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province). Applied Sociology, 2018; 29 (2): 92-65.
  3. Yahya Zadeh Pirsarai H., Shokri K ., Rashidi F.. The effect of group social work interventions with cognitive-behavioral approach on mental health of divorced women. Social Work Quarterly, 2017; 6 (3): 21-14.
  4. Sotoudeh H.. Social pathology (sociology of deviations). Tehran: Avaye Noor, 2016.
  5. Amato P R.. Research on Divorce: Continuing Trends and New Developments. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 2010; 72(3):650-666.
  6. Bringle R.G., Winnick T., Rydell R .J.. The prevalence and nature of unrequited love. SAGE Open, 2013: 3(2):1-15.
  7. Asanjarani F., Jazayeri R .S., Fatehizadeh M., Etemadi A. Dumol J.. The effectiveness of Fisher's post-divorce life reconstruction training seminar on post-divorce adjustment and life satisfaction in divorced women. Social Work Quarterly, 2017; 6 (2):13-5.
  8. Shahbek S., Khanakashi A. Khan Mohammadi A.. A comparative study of coping strategies and resilience in divorced and non-divorced women. Health Promotion Management, 2018; 7 (2):50-44.
  9. Mandemakers J.J., Monden C .W., Kalmijn M.. Are the effects of divorce on psychological distress modifid by family background? Advances in Life Course Research, 2010; 15(1): 27-40.
  10. Sakata K., McKenzie C .R.. Social security and divorce in Japan. Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, 2011; 81(7): 1507-1517.
  11. Jafari Indushan A., Zare H., Hosseini A., Poursalehi M. Zeini M.. Study and comparison of mental health and adjustment and emotional regulation of divorced women with married women in Yazd. Women and Society Quarterly, 2015; 6 (2): 16-1.
  12. Shoushtari A., Rezaei A. M. Taheri E.. The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral group therapy on emotional regulation, metacognitive beliefs and rumination of divorced women. Journal of Mental Health Principles, 2015; 18 (6): 328-321.
  13. Joormann J., Stanton C.. Examining emotion regulation in depression: A review and future directions. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 2016; 86: 35-49.
  14. Narimani M. Bakhshaish R. The effectiveness of acceptance-commitment training on psychological and emotional well-being and marital satisfaction of couples at risk of divorce. Consulting Research, 2014; 23 (52): 123-108.
  15. Girard A., Woolley S.R.. Using emotionally focused therapy to treat sexual desire discrepancy in couples. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 2017; 43(8):720-735.
  16. Norlin D., Broberg M.. Parents of children with and without intellectual disability: couple relationship and individual wellbeing. Journal of intellectual disability research, 2013; 57(6): 552-566.
  17. Namani E., Mohammadi-Pour M. Nouri J. .The effectiveness of group-centered emotion therapy on interpersonal forgiveness and hope in divorced women. Journal of Counseling and Psychotherapy Culture, 2017; 8 (29): 78-57.
  18. Pascual-Leone J., Johnson J.. Affect, self-motivation, and cognitive development: A dialectical constructivist view. In Y. D. Dai & R. J. Sternberg (Eds.), Motivation, emotion, and cognition: Integrative perspectives on intellectual functioning and development, 2004: 197-236). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
  19. Greenberg L. S, Warwar S .H., Malcolm W. M.. Differential Effectsof Emotion- focused therapy and psycho education in facilitating psychology, 55, z, 158- 196.forgiveness and letting Go of emotional injuries. Journal of counseling, 2008; 12: 56-87.
  20. Chilling E., Baucom D., Burnet C.K, Ragland D.. Altering the course of marriage: The effect of PREP communication skills acquisition on couple’s risk of becoming martially distressed. Journal of Family Psychology, 2013; 17: 41-53.
  21. Oei T. P., Dingle G.. The effectiveness of group cognitive behaviour therapy for unipolar depressive disorders. Journal of Affective Disorders, 2008; 107(1-3): 5-21.
  22. Nolen-Hoeksema S., Wisco B.E., Lyubomirsky S.. Rethinking rumination. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2008; 3: 400-424.
  23. Garnefski N., Kraaij V.. Cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire- development of a short 18-item .version (CERQshort). Pers Individ Diff, 2006; 41(6): 1045-53.
  24. Besharat M.A., Bazazian S.. A study of psychometric properties of the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire in a sample of Iranian society. Scientific-research journal of the Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, 2014; 24 (84): 70-61.
  25. Frey M.. Group cognitive therapy. Translation: Ali Sahebi, Hassan Hamidpour and Zahra Andouz, Mashhad: Mashhad University Jihad, first edition (year of publication in the original language, 1999), 2003.
  26. Sadoughi M., Hesampour F.. Predicting the psychological well-being of medical students based on appreciation and meaning in life. Journal of Medical Ethics, 2017; 11 (42): 89-79.
  27. Bayani A.A., Mohammad Kouchaki A. Bayani A.. Validity and reliability of Reef Psychological Well-Being Scale. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology, 2008; 14 (2): 151-146.
  28. Greenberg L.S.. Emotion-focused therapy: Coaching clients to work through their feelings. American Psychological Association, 2015.‏
  29. Greenberg L., Watson J.. Emotion focused therapy for depression. Washington: American Psychological Association, 2006.
  30. Goldman R.N.. Case formulation in emotion-focused therapy. Person-Centered & Experiential Psychotherapies, 2017; 16(2): 88-105.‏
  31. Johnson S., Zuccarini D.. Integrating sex and attachment in emotionally focused couple therapy. Journal of marital and family Therapy, 2010; 36(4): 431-445.‏
  32. Prochaska J.O., Norcross J.C.. Systems of psychotherapy: A transtheoretical analysis. Oxford University Press, 2018.‏