نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی عمومی، واحد تهران مرکز، دانشگاه ازاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران
2 نویسنده مسئول: استاد گروه روانشناسی تربیتی دانشگاه خوارزمی تهران، تهران، ایران
3 استادیار گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه خوارزمی تهران، تهران، ایران Hadihashemirazini@yahoo.com, 0000-0003-0046-0149
4 استادیار گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Concerning the many attempts made to understand the affecting factors of feeling of shame and guilt, this research aims to learn the Intermediary role of self-efficacy in relations with temperament, character and positive and negative emotions with shame and guilt to present a structural model.
Method: Research methodology of this study is fundamental, descriptive data gathering is done in a correlational fashion, data is numerical and the research is done through case study. The statistical universe of this study includes all female and male students of Islamic Azad Universities in Tehran in the academic year of 1398-1399. Sampling in this study is randomized and multi-stage. The respective sequence of data gathering is as stated in the following: First we prepare the lists of Islamic Azad Universities in Tehran and choose four of them in a randomized fashion. According to the basis of this study, modeling and developing a structural model, population of 500 people is mediocre, population of 700 is good and population of 1000 is the best. Hence the population of this study will contain 700 of the students of Islamic Azad Universities in Tehran. Data is analyzed through structural equations method.
Results: Outcomes of this research states that the relations between the intermediary role of self-efficacy and the proposed structural model of shame and guilt based on temperament, character and positive and negative emotions fits the necessary criteria and the direct and undirect ways of showing feelings of shame and guilt is meaningful. According to the results, direct effect of temperament and character on feeling of shame is respectively 0.13 and 0.21 and the effect of positive affections of feeling of shame in 0.10 and significant.
Conclusions: According to these results, positive affection training will reduce feelings of shame and guilt and consequently increases self-efficacy; hence positive affection training is suggested.
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