نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم پزشکی، تهران، ایران؛
2 کارشناسی ارشد مشاوره خانواده، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد خمینی شهر، خمینی شهر، ایران؛ email@example.com .
3 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی عمومی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد سمنان، سمنان، ایران؛ firstname.lastname@example.org
4 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی شخصیت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران جنوب، تهران، ایران؛
5 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی سلامت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد رودهن، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: The main feature in the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder is the presence of behavioral patterns, tendencies or challenging behaviors. Challenging behaviors are behaviors that endanger the child or keep him away from social relationships; Therefore, the purpose of this research was to investigate the effectiveness of play therapy on the social behaviors of children with autism.
Research method: The design of the research was semi-experimental and pre-test-post-test with a control group. The statistical population of this research included all children (girls and boys) with autism spectrum disorders aged 6 to 11 years who referred to the Autism Center of Hope for Rehash in Bojnord city, who were selected by available sampling method; The number of subjects was 20 people who were selected by available sampling method and divided into two experimental groups (10 people) and control group (10 people). The measuring tool was the autism symptom rating scale (CARS2, 2013). At first, a pre-test was taken from both groups, and then the experimental group was exposed to the intervention method for 10 sessions, each session lasting 90 minutes. After that, a post-test was taken from both groups and a follow-up phase was done after one month. Multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) was used to analyze the data.
Results: The results showed that play therapy significantly improves the social behaviors of children with autism spectrum disorder.
Conclusion: Therefore, it is recommended to teach this method to parents, especially to mothers, as well as to families who do not have good financial income or are facing other problems.
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