نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 روانشناسی عمومی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران شمال، تهران، ایران Laya.email@example.com
2 استادیار دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد رودهن، رودهن، ایران (نویسنده مسئول) Dr.firstname.lastname@example.org
3 استاد تمام دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران email@example.com
عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Rumination is the constant and involuntary thinking about a negative event. Research findings suggest that there may be a relationship between emotional regulation and spiritual intelligence in students. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to provide a causal model of emotional regulation based on spiritual intelligence mediated by rumination in students in Tehran.
Methods: The research method is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-correlational in terms of data analysis. The statistical population of the study includes Tehran State Universities, which according to the report of the Institute of Research and Planning of Higher Education of the Ministry of Science includes a total of 29 universities. In structural equation analysis, 221 people were selected as the sample and completed the emotion regulation scales, spiritual intelligence, and rumination. The research data were divided into descriptive (mean, standard deviation and correlation) and inferential using multivariate analysis of structural equation modeling (SEM) with the help of Excel, SPSS and Lisrel software.
Results: The results showed that the causal model of emotion regulation based on spiritual intelligence mediated by rumination areas can be presented to students in Tehran (β = 1.09, P = 0.001).
Conclusion: According to the findings, it is inferred that spirituality and emotional regulation can be an important factor in people's adaptation to stressors and be effective in preventing rumination. Therefore, paying attention to the mentioned variables in designing more appropriate therapies helps researchers and therapists in students.