نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دکتری روانشناسی عمومی، دانشکده روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد رودهن، رودهن، ایران firstname.lastname@example.org
2 نویسنده مسئول، دانشیار و عضو هیئت علمی، دانشکده روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد رودهن، رودهن، ایران
3 استاد دانشگاه، عضو دایمی انجمن بین المللی پژوهش در پرورش و تعالی استعداد email@example.com
عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: The family, as the first social unit, has different duties and functions and is the main place of education and socialization of human beings. This study aimed to develop a model of creativity based on perceptions of family parenting style and triple intelligence by individuality mediation in talented female students in Tehran.
Method: the methodology of this research was descriptive-correlational. The statistical population of this study was all 15-17-year old talented girl students in Tehran in 2019. One sample out of this statistical population with 276 people was selected by multi-stage cluster sampling method, and the participants responded to Torrance's creative thinking test (1974), individualism questionnaire (2015), parenting styles questionnaire (1989), and Knox cubes (1971), and Cattell Intelligence Test (Form B) (1994).
Results: Pearson correlation coefficient method and equations were used to analyze the data. Findings showed that creativity has a positive correlation with analytical intelligence (p = 0.001, r = 0.275) and academic intelligence (p = 0.034, r = 0.127). However, there was no significant relationship between individuality, parenting styles, and creativity (p = 0.387, r = 0.052). In addition, the results of structural equation modeling (SEM) showed that the direct path coefficient of academic intelligence (P = 0.015, β = 0.175) and experimental intelligence (P = 0.020, β = 0.158) with individualism, and analytical intelligence had positive and significant effect on creativity (P = 0.001, β = 0.194).
Conclusion: According to the results of this research, creativity is not just a secondary phenomenon to be the product of positive or negative life experiences or personal characteristics, etc., it should be considered by an interactive and comprehensive view.