عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a persistent mental disorder with an international prevalence of 2 to 29%. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of metacognitive strategies training in reducing the symptoms of attention deficit and impulsivity in adolescents.
Method: The study is quasi-experimental. The statistical population of this research is teenager covered by the Welfare Organization of the city of Nowshahr.. The impulsivity questionnaire was screened for all adolescents covered by the Welfare Office and based on the highest score of impulsivity (total), 40 were selected and then replaced by simple random sampling in two experimental and control groups. Barratree's impulsivity questionnaire and Canaries's attention deficit / hyperactivity diagnostic questionnaire were used to measure the variables and multivariate analysis of covariance analysis was used to analyze the. The experimental group was trained in metacognitive strategies in 10 sessions and no training was given to the control group during these sessions.
Results: The results of analysis of covariance showed that compared to the control group, the mean scores of hyperactivity symptoms and deficit of attention and impulsivity in adolescents significantly decreased (P ≤ 0.05). Also, teaching metacognitive strategies is one of the components of attention deficit / attention deficit / memory problem and restlessness / hyperactivity and among the components of impulsivity is effective in reducing cognitive impulsivity, motor impulsivity and unplanned.
Conclusion: The results showed that training metacognitive strategies can significantly reduce the symptoms of hyperactivity and attention deficit.