اثربخشی زوج درمانی شناختی رفتاری بر کیفیت و صمیمیت زناشویی زوجین در آستانه طلاق

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 روان‌شناسی عمومی، گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد تهران شمال، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

2 نویسنده مسئول، استادیار گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد تهران شمال، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران، Abaspoor@qodsiau.ac.ir.

چکیده

مقدمه: زوجین به عنوان عوامل ایجادکننده محیط ناخوشایند درون خانواده و از هم پاشیدگی کانون گرم خانواده و افزایش طلاق در کشور، نیاز به آموزش روش­ها و فنون متعددی دارند تا تغییرات لازم را در نگرش، رفتار و روابط خود با اعضای خانواده ایجاد نمایند. پژوهش حاضر با هدف اثربخشی زوج درمانی شناختی رفتاری بر کیفیت زناشویی و صمیمیت زناشویی زوجین در آستانه طلاق انجام گرفت.
روش پژوهش: طرح پژوهش شبه آزمایشی با طرح پیش آزمون و پس آزمون با گروه گواه و جامعه آماری پژوهش حاضر شامل زوجین متقاضی طلاق در دادگاه مفتح شهر تهران در سال 1397 بود که از میان آن‌ها 30 زوج به روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند انتخاب و به‌طور تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایشی (15 زوج) و کنترل (15 زوج) قرار گرفتند. جهت گردآوری داده­های پیش آزمون و پس آزمون ابزار پژوهش شامل مقیاس سازگاری زناشویی اِسپانیر (1976) و پرسشنامه نیازهای صمیمیت باگاروزی (2001) بود. گروه آزمایش 8 جلسه 5/1 ساعته زوج‌درمانی شناختی رفتاری را دریافت کردند. برای تجزیه و تحلیل آماری داده‌ها از تحلیل کوواریانس استفاده شد.
یافته­ ها: در پژوهش حاضر بین میانگین‌های نمره­ های کیفیت زناشویی گروه آزمایش و کنترل در مرحله پس آزمون تفاوت معناداری وجود داشت (01/0P<). بین میانگین نمره­های صمیمیت زناشویی گروه آزمایش و گروه کنترل در مرحله پس آزمون تفاوت معناداری وجود داشت (01/0P<).
نتیجه­ گیری: زوج درمانی کوتاه مدت شناختی رفتاری یک روش درمانی مؤثر بر کیفیت روابط زناشویی و صمیمیت زناشویی زوجین در آستانه طلاق است

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral couple therapy on quality and marital intimacy on the verge of divorce

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nasim Hosein Ghorban 1
  • Zahra Abbaspoor Azar 2
1 General Psychology, Department of Psychology, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Corresponding author, Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, Abaspoor@qodsiau.ac.ir.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Couples need to learn a variety of methods and techniques to create the necessary changes in their attitudes, behaviors, and relationships with family members as factors causing unpleasant intra-family environment and the disintegration of the family hot spot and increasing divorce in the country. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of cognitive behavioral couple therapy on marital quality and marital intimacy of couples on the verge of divorce.
Method: The research design was quasi-experimental with pre-test and post-test with control group and the statistical population of the present study consisted of couples applying for divorce in Mofateh court of Tehran in 2019 which through them 30 couples were selected by purposive sampling method and randomly were assigned into two experimental groups (15 couples) and control (15 couples). To collect pre-test and post-test data, the research instruments included Dyadic Adjustment Scale by Spanier (1976) and Marital Intimacy Needs Questionnaire by Bagarozzi (2001). The experimental group received 8 sessions of 1.5 hour cognitive behavioral couple therapy. Covariance analysis was used for statistical analysis of the data.
Results: In the present study, there was a significant difference between the mean of marital quality scores in the experimental and control groups at the post-test stage (P <0.01). There was a significant difference between the mean scores of marital intimacy in the experimental and control groups at the post-test stage (P <0.01).
Conclusion: Short-term cognitive behavioral couple therapy is an effective treatment for couples' quality of marriage and marital intimacy on the verge of divorce.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cognitive
  • behavioral" couple Therapy" marital intimacy" marital quality
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